Indian Railway

ntroduction: The honest and cheapest means of transport communication for common Indian man Introduced in 1853 & we all know that, the Indian Railway system is one of the largest railway system in the world, having 63,149 Kilometers network, where more than 14 millions people daily travel and million of ton goods transported daily as well, the network also covers 6906 stations operating Broad Gauge (1676 mm), Meter Gauge (1000 mm) and Narrow Gauge (762 & 610 mm).

Indian Railways nearly have 1, 19,984 Bridges onto that 9792 pertain to the major one and around 1511 bridges gone under rebuilding/rehabilitation for the superior services to our rail users.

Description: Due to its extensive network Indian Railway system plays a very vital role in the economic and social development of the country. & respectively Indian Railways got 1.55 million employees the largest group of employers among public sector undertaken in the country, similarly the administrative costs of the country also escalating rapidly.

As decades back the Indian Railway system was not that advanced as it is becoming these days and the Railway Board and the ministry of Railway had represented an expert group on December 31st 1998 to develop and systematized the existing system in terms of financial requirement, upgrading Programme and also to identify the source of funding and Investment for the growth of the system. Here we are putting stress on few very imperative points those who have strengthen the Railway system and its economy and these points are as follows:

  • Introduced a non-lapsable fund with Rs 17,000 Crores which is also known as (Safety Fund) for the renewable of crucial safety Equipments, that to replace old assets like signaling equipments, tracks, rolling stocks & bridges within 5-7 years of time-frame decided by the safety review committee.
  • Instead of conventional pull/push road type air brake, system had commenced Bogie mounted brake system on rail wagons.
  • The High Level Committee has pioneered a cohesive strategy for superior security of Rail users.
  • IRCON, RCIL, RITES,RNVL, CONCOR, MRVC, KRCL and IRFC the nine subsidiary associations contributing specialized jobs for the growth and progress of Indian Railways under the Ministry of Railways and for higher expansions, abroad business will be provided by IRCON and RITES.
  • In order to discover the possibility of setting up confined Thermal power plants, Railways has recently pierced into a MOU with the National Thermal Power Corporation, to diminish the expenditure on electricity energy bills.
  • High speed Goods Wagons and high horse powers Electric, Diesel locos and LHB type coaches have been introduced to boost the trains and their systems.
  • Ample reduction in operational cost and increment of revenue from freight traffic is drastically improved by the finest use of Information Technology by Indian Railways.
  • Various salient features also been applied for the passengers point of views like wise trains with latest technology coaches with high speed, integrated national train enquiry system, computerized passenger reservation and unreserved ticketing system, computerized parcel management system, providing hygienic and modern toilets in the coaches, mechanized cleaning of coaches, stations and public address systems to the important trains etc.
  • The very important feature that is for safety purpose, coaches and trains been improvising by providing external and Internal crashworthiness, use of fire retarding material and anti climbing features.
The Govt. of India enterprise Great Indian Railways is moving towards a boom. It has shown higher growth and achievement. The ministry of railway isexploring ways to reduce the costs as well. Similarly in coming years we would be able to see the very developed and high technology serving system for the common man who feels proud to be an Indian.